in the world of employment can forget the idea of one job
for life. A young American has to expect to change his or
her position at least eleven times in 40 years."
Andreas Molitor, Die
of the globalisation of the world market, public employment
exchanges face more and more impossible tasks, while the
private recruitment agencies are becoming more professional.
In spite of the 5 1/2 million unemployed in Germany, 1 1/2
million employment positions are unfilled. A large part
of the unemployment problem is a problem of recruitment.
Although half of longtime unemployed individuals have limited
qualifications, one third of businesses do have open positions
which don’t need more qualifications than these unemployed
On the one hand, unemployment is rising; on
the other, there is an abundance of unpleasant and poorly
In the open employment market it is necessary to match people
with jobs for the most efficient production. Employment
exchanges deal with the most important commodity in our
society. A study from the World Bank claims that 60% of
the wealth of a nation is human resources (and 20% each
of raw materials and products).
Cheap Work—Housemaids from Developing
International recruitment is increasing for
poorly paid positions which no European would take. Foreign
women workers from poor countries leave their children behind
in order to earn the money to feed and educate them. As
an example, the International Monetary Fund has calculated
that the contribution of foreign housemaids to the Gross
National Product (GNP) is approximately 2 3/4 billion Euros
per year--- and rising.
Employment Exchange for Construction Work
Motives to work in a foreign country include higher education
opportunities, hopes for furthering careers, and simply
a love for adventure. However, the main incitement to glance
over the borders of another country is usually unemployment.
According to government statistics, approximately 111,000
Germans turn their backs on their homeland each year.
In Sachsen-Anhalt, East Germany, the unemployment rate in
the construction industry has run to 43% and cuts continue.
The Dutch recruitment agency Northstar has the task of finding
German, Portuguese, and Finnish construction workers to
work on the construction of Terminal 5 of London’s
Heathrow airport. To this end Northstar is working closely
with the federal employment offices of each country as well
as for example the European Job Centre in Magdeburg.
“Executive Search“, a third party professional
employment recruitment agency, has been widespread in the
US since the 1950s, and also in Germany for about the last
30 years. Headhunters recruit individuals ‚under cover’
for top positions and special employment fields. When they
have found the right candidate for a position, they have
to lure them from their current job. The ’poached’
candidates bring along with them their contacts and their
specialties from one position to the next.